Biotechnology is the emerging career field in India related to Food & Nutrition, Medicines & Healthcare, Forensic Sciences and other allied fields. The scope is wide and offers opportunities in the field of both research and engineering. One can pursue higher studies in Biotechnology, Microbiology, Bioinformatics, Food Science and Technology and Life Sciences. He or she can get a job in Research and Development (R&D), can work in DBT, DST, ICMR, MoFPI, FSSAI laboratories as medical Scientists, epidemiologists, research scientists, Bio-IT services, etc. or can go for teaching in different colleges and Universities.
The field also has scope in the areas like Intellectual Property Research and Patenting, scientific writing or medical writing, drug designing, novel microbe structure modeling, data mining, jobs in government & private sectors, Industries like Biopharma, Food, Pharmaceutal Industries, animal husbandry, environmental industries, etc. The work scope can range from research, sales, marketing, administration, quality control, breeders, technical support etc. There is also prospect of working as a Laboratory Technician/Assistant in government and private diagnostic laboratory.
One can also become an entrepreneur with ideas ranging from agri biotech, marine biotech, medical biotech, Bio IT services, etc. Research associate also provide an interesting career that allows to carry out experiments under the instruction of established Scientists.
It’s the start of a new era, when people are finally ready to embrace the microbial world.’
Microbes live with us, and within us, but are invisible to the human eye. In fact, for a single human cell, there are ten microbes in the average human body. Most are not harmful – they help us to fight infection, digest food, even treat depression. Outside too, they can be our friends – curdling milk (Lactobacillus), cleaning up oil spills (Alcanivorax), and fighting nuclear contamination (Geobacter). This is the good. The bad, as we know, is that microbes are a significant threat.
Microbiology is a broad discipline of biology with works with the function, structure, uses, and the existence of the microscopic organism. Microbiology overlaps the various other degree areas of biology like as molecular biology, genetics & immunology. The scope of Microbiology is huge because of the involvement of Microbiology in various fields such as Pharmacy, Medicine, clinical research, agriculture, environment, dairy industry, water industry, nanotechnology & chemical technology.
In the field of agriculture, microbiologists act as environmental and health specialists to study the role of microbes in plant disease, pest control, nutrition and soil fertility.
In the field of medicine and health care, the work is usually associated with diagnosis, prevention and treatment of illnesses associated with microbes and production of vaccines.
In the field of dairy and food Industry can be employed by big companies like Mother Dairy, Amul, Nestle, Reliance and Hindustan Unilever etc. They can choose to work as Dairy scientists, Dairy equipment repairer, Dairy managers and dairy consultants etc. The role of Food Microbiologist is to test the raw materials, in-process and finished product to make sure the consumers are safe to consume the food. This is also required by the FDA through records during the audit.
Industrial and Pharmaceutical Microbiology may be defined as the study of the large-scale and profit motivated production of microorganisms or their products for direct use, or as inputs in the manufacture of other goods. The Job roles for a Microbiologist based on qualification: A undergraduate degree in Microbiology gives the opportunity to work at science laboratories and pathology labs.
PG degree in microbiology can work in Microbiology based industries like pharmacy, dairy, breweries, distilleries, enzyme, etc. and you also can pursue PhD
Students who complete PhD can take up teaching at universities and PG colleges. They can also take up a post-doctoral research with good fellowship which is generally offered by funding agencies like UGC, CSIR, ICMR, DST, DBT, etc.
Universities and colleges employ microbiologists as researchers and teachers.
Food Science and Technology:
The food industry is one of the largest in the world. People will never stop to eat (essential for survival).
India is off course a growing country where there are around est. 500 million high and medium class consumers which are no doubt this profession is growing on a daily basis. The professionals in this field can easily get the job in the field of food manufacturing, plant, research and development labs, catering companies, food whole-sellers, restaurant, and the hospital. People can choose their job according to their specialization. There are also some regulatory positions on which candidates can be hired due to the introduction of new food law. Hence, it will be in demand always, and recession-proof.